Alice Walker’s The Color Purple has been labeled as a work of “womanist fiction”; however, the novel is so much more (Berlant 834). As M. Hite points out, the novel follows Celie—its first-person narrator—who makes the reader aware of Celie’s struggles in life, particularly with “racism and the institution of patriarchy” (Hite ). As the novel begins, Celie writes to God in order to find out why her father is forcing her to “ do what [her] mammy wouldn’t” (1). He also has ordered her to be silent: “You better not tell nobody but God. It’d kill your mammy.” This patriarchal order leads Celie to an existence that denies who she is as a person. In fact, she writes the phrase “I am” and immediately crosses it out as if she herself is denying her existence. In order to appreciate Celie’s transformation from her fourteen-year-old self to a woman who not only succeeds in a patriarchal society, but triumphs over it, let us first examine her husband’s treatment of Celie; the growing bonds between Shug Avery and Celie; and the emergence of the independent Celie at the end of the novel.
The first major struggle that represents the negative potential of patriarchy and discrimination in the novel occurs between Mr.__ and Celie, although it was more of a struggle on Celie’s part. From the start, Mr.__ “does his business” (21) every night and treats her brutally, with no respect and a sharp volume of authority over every aspect of her life (29) — thus depicting the “forced gender roles that are common throughout The Color Purple” (Hite 270). Her major struggle is the sheer inability to have her own voice, the necessary power to fight back. In contrast, Mr.__ treats his mistress Shug Avery with dignity and respect because of her status in the African American community. Shug Avery is an accomplished jazz singer, has lighter skin, and is much prettier than Celie. This kind of discrimination
Contrary to popular belief, our founding fathers did not have a strictly Christian view or way of life. This is not saying that they did not believe there was a superior power. They definitely acknowledged all-powerful deity, but did not acknowledge this deity’s presence in earthly affairs, such as politics or economics regarding the United States. Even as time went on, these views were not the only ones that were held by our Founding Fathers, but rather a mixture of Christianity and Deism. These views over time would gradually shape the country we live in today in terms of the economic and the penal system we gladly embrace.
Let us take a look at some of the ways that the religious views of the founding fathers have shapes America, starting with the penal system. In the US, we hold are laws to the highest degree and take pride in them to ensure everyone complies. In contrast, there exist third world